"Eighty percent of fire deaths happen in the home."

  In 2013, 334 children died in home fires. Eighty-seven percent of all fire-related deaths are due to home fires, which spread rapidly and can leave families as little as two minutes to escape once an alarm sounds. Fires are not just a problem in the United States. In 2008, nearly 61,000 children around the world died due to a fire or burn.  That's why you need working smoke alarms and a plan to get out of the home in case of fire.

Make a Home Escape Plan

  • A home escape plan is a plan to get out of your home quickly.
  • Get everyone in your home together. Find all doors and windows that lead outside. Make sure they open easily.
  • Windows or doors with security bars, grills, or window guards should have emergency release devices so they can be used for escape.
  • Know at least two ways out of every room, if possible. One way out will be the door and the second way out may be a window or another door.
  • Stairways and ways out should be clear of furniture or clutter.
  • Choose a meeting place a safe distance from the home where everyone should meet once they've escaped.
  • Have a plan for anyone in your home who may need assistance to escape, such as young children, older adults, or people with disabilities.

Exit Drill in The Home - "EDITH"

Create and practice a home fire escape plan with two ways out of every room in case of a fire. Get a stopwatch and time how fast your family can escape. The family will love it. Here’s a handy worksheet to help get you started. 

Practice Your Plan With Everyone Your Home at Least Twice a Year

  •  Push the smoke alarm button to start the drill.
  • Get out fast.
  • Close doors behind you as you leave.
  • Go to your outside meeting place.
  • Practice your escape plan at night and during the day.
  • Practice using different ways out.

Have Working Smoke Alarms

  •  Install smoke alarms on every level of your  home, inside each bedroom, and outside each sleeping area.
  • Interconnect all smoke alarms throughout the home. When one sounds, they will all sound.
  • Make sure everyone knows what your smoke alarms sound like and can hear the sound of the smoke alarm.
  • Test your smoke alarms at least once a month using the test button.

Make a Safe Escape

  •  When a smoke alarm sounds, and there is smoke or fire, get out and stay out.
  • If there is smoke blocking your way out, use your second way. If you must escape through smoke, get low and go under the smoke to your way out.
  • Close all doors behind you.
  • Once outside, call the fire department from a cell phone or a neighbor's phone.
  • Once you are out of the home, stay out. Never go back into the burning building to rescue people, pets, or belongings.

ABCs of Fire Extinguishers

Fire extinguishers with a Class A rating are effective against fires involving paper, wood, textiles, and plastics. The primary chemical used to fight these fires is monoammonium phosphate, because of its ability to smother fires in these types of materials.

Fire extinguishers with a Class B rating are effective against flammable liquid fires. These can be fires where cooking liquids, oil, gasoline, kerosene, or paint have become ignited. Two commonly used chemicals are effective in fighting these types of fires. Monoammonium phosphate effectively smothers the fire, while sodium bicarbonate induces a chemical reaction which extinguishes the fire.

Fire extinguishers with a Class C rating are suitable for fires in “live” electrical equipment. Both monoammonium phosphate and sodium bicarbonate are commonly used to fight this type of fire because of their nonconductive properties.

Pull the Pin at the top of the extinguisher. The pin releases a locking mechanism and will allow you to discharge the extinguisher.

Aim at the base of the fire, not the flames. This is important - in order to put out the fire, you must extinguish the fuel.

Squeeze the lever slowly. This will release the extinguishing agent in the extinguisher. If the handle is released, the discharge will stop.

Sweep from side to side. Using a sweeping motion, move the fire extinguisher back and forth until the fire is completely out. Operate the extinguisher from a safe distance, several feet away, and then move towards the fire once it starts to diminish. Be sure to read the instructions on your fire extinguisher - different fire extinguishers recommend operating them from different distances.

Remember: Aim at the base of the fire, not at the flames!!!!